6 Unique Types of Glass

6 Unique Types of Glass in the Building Industry and Their Outstanding Properties

Glass is one of the most dependable modern materials when it comes to providing functionality along with beautiful elegant looks. It is used in numerous industries and has certain properties that provide it with the added advantage over many other materials in the industry. The popularity of glass sheets or products is so much that it is hard to not see it implemented in some exteriors or interiors of many buildings we pass by every day.

Boosted by its many advantages, glass has been incorporated in the building industry for many past decades as well. It offers certain advantages over conventional or traditional building industry materials that has helped it take first priority for many building designers. Here are a few unique types of glass in the building industry and their outstanding properties:

1: Float Glass

Also known as soda lime glass or clear glass, float glass is produced by annealing molten glass in a way that it comes out completely clear and flat. It is a very strong type of glass with the ability to handle 5000-6000 psi with ease. Translate that to layman’s terms and you end up with glass that is able to take hits from Mohammad Ali in his prime. Its thickness varies from 2mm to 20mm and weighs in the range of 6-26kg/m2. Because of too much transparency, at times it can cause unwanted glare. It is perfect for making canopies, glass blocks, railing partitions or even shop or building front.

2: Tinted Glass

Iron oxide for a green tint, sulphar in varied concentrations for yellow, red or black or copper sulphate for a blue tint etc. can be added to glass batches during the manufacturing process without compromising the strength at all. This processed tinted glass has smooth color tint and can be used on the outsides of any kinds or sizes of buildings.

3: Toughened Glass

This tempered type of glass is able to handle 3600 psi of pressure and has some distortions and low visibility I nit. It breaks into smaller dice-like pieces when a strong enough impact is experienced on its surface but is able to handle heat like a champ. Mainly used in fire resistant doors or outdoor windows that are permanently exposed to extreme temperatures, this glass type has same weight and thickness as float glass and is one of the few unique types of glass in the building industry and their outstanding properties help them cope with heat best.

4: Laminated Glass

One of the strongest and safest types of glass is the laminated glass. This is manufactured by sandwiching layers of toughened glass together using vinyl or adhesive layers that are completely transparent. The vinyl layers don’t let it break off into smaller pieces as well as keep the harmful UV rays away up to 99%. It insulates sound by 50% as well but this number can go higher when edges are sealed properly. This glass is mostly used in glass facades, bridges, floor slabs, aquariums or external building sheets because of its heightened strength levels.

5: Shatterproof Glass

A layer of polyvinyl butyral contributes to the shatterproof nature of this type of glass. Unlike laminated glass, this one doesn’t form any sharp shards when impacted sufficiently and is used successfully in windows, flooring or skylight etc.

6: Extra Clean Glass

This is a hydrophilic type of glass, meaning that water moves over its surface without leaving any residue or marks at all and also photocatylitic as well, meaning they have nanoparticles on them that tend to break off dirt making it much easier to clean and maintain. Because of this particular advantage, this type of glass is used both on the exteriors and also the interiors of many buildings and provides a great fit for few unique types of glass in the building industry and their outstanding properties.

Properties of Industrial Building Industry Glass

Having discussed the major types of glass types, their properties are mostly common. With some major and some slight variations here and there, these different types of glass offer a set of similar properties as well, these are below:

Transparency

Glass types, almost all of them are available in transparent clear options that fit outside usage perfectly for buildings. The major benefit with them is that they allow appropriate sunlight to enter the buildings, reducing energy bills by more than half during the daytime. Additionally, laminated glass options also keep the harmful UV rays away from interiors as well.

U Value (Heat Transferred through the window)

Better glass types and implementations also have the added benefit of lower u-value. What this means is they don’t let heat or cold from the outside to enter in or from the inside to escape out. This helps in maintaining suitable temperatures in the insides of buildings reducing the amount of artificial energy required to do so as well. Their smooth and shiny surfaces reflect heat away from them and help keep energy bills to a minimum as well.

Strength

It is easy to think of glass products to be fragile and easily breakable. But with the advent of technology, the advanced processes have enabled this fragile product to become much stronger and durable. With even greater pressure strength than some wooden or metal products, glass sheets offer great strength advantage. Quality glass providers like Fab Glass and Mirror are able to provide custom glass sheets in all sizes and shapes including many finest quality glass products as well to boost the building industry usage of them a great deal.

Greenhouse Effect

Various glass types are able to let important heat in buildings and also not let it escape out when they are installed in the right way. This is particularly helpful in colder climates where a lot of energy is spent in order to keep buildings warm. Additional benefit is that, where natural decorations including floral or any other type of it is done, the greenhouse effect will be able to make them blossom at faster rates.

Recyclability

Most glass types offer a unique advantage over many other types of materials used in building decorations and functional usage. These glass materials sheets are easily recyclable and through unique process their types can also be changed after they have been recycled. The melting and re-processing of glass removes any external particles and cleans it inside out and makes it ready for re-processing.

Energy Efficiency and Noise Control

Glass sheets whether in tinted or transparent form, are able to pass through important daylight and block excess external noise from entering the buildings. This particular set of advantages play greatly in the favor of glass when compared with other materials. Metals or woods or any other types of materials block daylight and don’t let warmth enter the buildings increasing the energy required to produce these artificially, however glass helps in energy consumption reduction as well as nose control at the same time as well when implemented in the right way.

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